Cosmetic Analysis FAQ
1) What are the notable effects?
Notable effect section lets you know what the product does apart from its basic product function – for example we all know a cleanser helps cleanse your skin, but can the cleanser help you further than that?
Here you will be able to see at a quick glance if the product can actually live up to its claims based on its ingredients and formulation. We currently have 5 notable effects that we keep track of:
2) How about the notable ingredients?
The ingredients responsible for notable effects in a product will be listed under the notable ingredient section.
It is important to note that, despite a product containing a notable ingredient, we cannot 100% assure you that the product will be able to replicate that studied effects of the ingredient. Many times, the effectiveness of a product will depend on the amount/percentage of the specific ingredient it contains. Even if a product has a tiny amount of it, they are allowed to put it on the ingredient label.
This is why we always recommend for people who have tried products to write reviews to help the Skincarisma community know your personal experience. It helps people get a full evaluation of a product to see if it’s effective as it seems to be!
3) A product I know has a notable ingredient but it’s not showing up – can I suggest it?
Absolutely! We’re still a work in progress so we don’t claim to have every single great ingredient flagged for people to see. If you believe an ingredient should be flagged for everyone to know about, let us know and we’ll do our research to see if it fits the criteria :)
You can email us at email@example.com about this!
4) How does the skin profile ingredient section work?
We’ve flagged/identified ingredients that have been shown to be either good or bad for 3 skin profiles – oily, dry and sensitive skin.
Within the bars - the green part represents of the number of ingredients that are good for the certain skin profile and the red part represents the number of bad ingredients.
5) Does this mean I should completely avoid a product if it contains a bad ingredient for my skin profile?
Not necessarily! These are just indicators of the ingredients that have been studied to be bad – you can use this information as a starting point. You may find that although you fall in a certain skin profile, the relevant ingredients may not affect you in negative way compared to other people with the same skin profile.
If you want to be completely safe, then you can choose to follow it closely.
6) What does the Overall Product Long-Term Health Breakdown section mean?
This section provides both a quick summary of the health ratings of a products ingredients and a in-depth look at each of the ingredients.
There are two ratings we use for it:
7) Who is EWG and could you explain the EWG score?
Directly from their website: “The Environmental Working Group’s mission is to empower people to live healthier lives in a healthier environment. With breakthrough research and education, we drive consumer choice and civic action. We are a non-profit, non-partisan organization dedicated to protecting human health and the environment.”
EWG is one of the few organizations that have curated and compiled data from multiples sources to create a rating for cosmetic ingredients which is why we’ve decided to use their score. For more information regarding EWG you can visit their website directly.
The EWG score consists of between 1 - 10 and falls in a category of low, medium, high risk and unknown. Unknown means there is currently no data available for it. The distribution of it is as follows:
1 – 2: Low Risk
3 – 6: Medium Risk
7 – 10: High Risk
8) Who is the CIR and could you explain the CIR Findings rating?
Directly from their website: "The Cosmetic Ingredient Review was established in 1976 by the industry trade association (then the Cosmetic, Toiletry, and Fragrance Association, now the Personal Care Products Council), with the support of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the Consumer Federation of America. Although funded by the Council, CIR and the review process are independent from the Council and the cosmetics industry.
The Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) studies individual chemical compounds as they are used in cosmetic products. CIR relies heavily on the International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients (INCI) when identifying the ingredients to be assessed. "
CIR is another organisation that has a core focus of cosmetic ingredient safety. For more information regarding the CIR you can visit their website directly.
You will notice that the CIR Finding ratings are on a different scale compared to EWG's. We currently use 3 of their ratings:
A - Safe as Used
B - Safe with Qualifications
C - Insufficient Data to Support Safety
9) Could you explain to what the Cosmetic Functions are?
Could you explain to what the Cosmetic Functions under the ingredient name?
Each ingredient may have several functions. Function being the purpose of the ingredient in the product. Below is a complete list of cosmetic functions directly from the “Official Journal of the European Union: Amending Decision 96/335/EC establishing an inventory and a common nomenclature of ingredients employed in cosmetic products”.
|FUNCTION NAME||FUNCTION DESCRIPTION|
|ABRASIVE||Removes materials from various body surfaces or aids mechanical tooth cleaning or improves gloss.|
|ABSORBENT||Takes up water- and/or oil-soluble dissolved or finely dispersed substances.|
|ANTICAKING||Allows free flow of solid particles and thus avoids agglomeration of powdered cosmetics into lumps or hard masses.|
|ANTICORROSIVE||Prevents corrosion of the packaging.|
|ANTIDANDRUFF||Helps control dandruff.|
|ANTIFOAMING||Suppresses foam during manufacturing or reduces the tendency of finished products to generate foam.|
|ANTIMICROBIAL||Helps control the growth of micro-organisms on the skin.|
|ANTIOXIDANT||Inhibits reactions promoted by oxygen, thus avoiding oxidation and rancidity.|
|ANTIPLAQUE||Helps protect against plaque.|
|ANTISEBORRHEIC||Helps control sebum production.|
|ANTISTATIC||Reduces static electricity by neutralising electrical charge on a surface.|
|ASTRINGENT||Contracts the skin.|
|BINDING||Provides cohesion in cosmetics.|
|BLEACHING||Lightens the shade of hair or skin.|
|BUFFERING||Stabilises the pH of cosmetics.|
|BULKING||Reduces bulk density of cosmetics.|
|CHELATING||Reacts and forms complexes with metal ions which could affect the stability and/or appearance of cosmetics.|
|CLEANSING||Helps to keep the body surface clean.|
|COSMETIC COLORANT||Colours cosmetics and/or imparts colour to the skin and/or its appendages.|
|DENATURANT||Renders cosmetics unpalatable. Mostly added to cosmetics containing ethyl alcohol.|
|DEODORANT||Reduces or masks unpleasant body odours.|
|DEPILATORY||Removes unwanted body hair.|
|DETANGLING||Reduces or eliminates hair intertwining due to hair surface alteration or damage and, thus, helps combing.|
|EMOLLIENT||Softens and smooths the skin.|
|EMULSIFYING||Promotes the formation of intimate mixtures of non-miscible liquids by altering the interfacial tension.|
|EMULSION STABILISING||Helps the process of emulsification and improves emulsion stability and shelf-life.|
|FILM FORMING||Produces, upon application, a continuous film on skin, hair or nails.|
|FOAMING||Traps numerous small bubbles of air or other gas within a small volume of liquid by modifying the surface tension of the liquid.|
|FOAM BOOSTING||Improves the quality of the foam produced by a system by increasing one or more of the following properties: volume, texture and/or stability.< /td>|
|GEL FORMING||Gives the consistency of a gel (a semi-solid preparation with some elasticity) to a liquid preparation.|
|HAIR CONDITIONING||Leaves the hair easy to comb, supple, soft and shiny and/or imparts volume, lightness, gloss, etc.|
|HAIR DYEING||Colours hair.|
|HAIR FIXING||Permits physical control of hairstyle.|
|HAIR WAVING OR STRAIGHTENING||Modifies the chemical structure of the hair, allowing it to be set in the style required.|
|HUMECTANT||Holds and retains moisture.|
|HYDROTROPE||Enhances the solubility of substance which is only slightly soluble in water.|
|KERATOLYTIC||Helps eliminate the dead cells of the stratum corneum.|
|MASKING||Reduces or inhibits the basic odour or taste of the product.|
|MOISTURISING||Increases the water content of the skin and helps keep it soft and smooth.|
|NAIL CONDITIONING||Improves the cosmetic characteristics of the nail.|
|OPACIFYING||Reduces transparency or translucency of cosmetics.|
|ORAL CARE||Provides cosmetic effects to the oral cavity, e.g. cleansing, deodorising, protecting.|
|OXIDISING||Changes the chemical nature of another substance by adding oxygen or removing hydrogen.|
|PEARLESCENT||Imparts a nacreous appearance to cosmetics.|
|PLASTICISER||Softens and makes supple another substance that otherwise could not be easily deformed, spread or worked out.|
|PRESERVATIVE||Inhibits primarily the development of micro-organisms in cosmetics. All preservatives listed are substances on the positive list of preservatives (Annex VI to the cosmetics Directive).|
|PROPELLANT||Generates pressure in an aerosol pack, expelling contents when the valve is opened. Some liquefied propellants can act as solvents.|
|REDUCING||Changes the chemical nature of another substance by adding hydrogen or removing oxygen.|
|REFATTING||Replenishes the lipids of the hair or of the top layers of the skin.|
|REFRESHING||Imparts a pleasant freshness to the skin.|
|SKIN CONDITIONING||Maintains the skin in good condition.|
|SKIN PROTECTING||Helps to avoid harmful effects to the skin from external factors.|
|SMOOTHING||Seeks to achieve an even skin surface by decreasing roughness or irregularities.|
|SOLVENT||Dissolves other substances.|
|SOOTHING||Helps lightening discomfort of the skin or of the scalp.|
|STABILISING||Improves ingredients or formulation stability and shelf-life.|
|SURFACTANT||Lowers the surface tension of cosmetics as well as aids the even distribution of the product when used.|
|TANNING||Darkens the skin with or without exposure to UV.|
|TONIC||Produces a feeling of well-being on skin and hair.|
|UV ABSORBER||Protects the cosmetic product from the effects of UV light.|
|UV FILTER||Filters certain UV rays in order to protect the skin or the hair from harmful effects of these rays. All UV filters listed are substances on the positive list of UV filters (Annex VII to the Cosmetics Directive).|
|VISCOSITY CONTROLLING||Increases or decreases the viscosity of cosmetics|
10) I can see some ingredients, but don't see any information regarding it - is this an error?
This just means we have the ingredient on our database, but there is currently no information available about it. If any new information comes up, we will update it.
If you happen to see something missing, let us know!
11) I see an ingredient where it's information is incorrect? How can I fix it?
Awesome that you've spotted a correction.
You can let us know and provide us with more information by clicking the red flag on the product page you see the error and fill in the form. We'll review the correction within 6-12 hours. We'll let you know once it's fixed and if it's been done, we'll award you with some points!
1) How accurate is the product ingredients?
The product ingredients should be very accurate! Most of them are sourced from the brands website or other third party sources such as reputable retailers. If you believe a product does not contain the correct ingredient, please let us know by clicking the red flag on the product page and selecting incorrect ingredients. You can let us know the correct ingredients - you'll get some points if we find out your suggestion is correct!
2) The ingredients don't exactly match the ones on the label - why is there this discrepancy?
There might be times where the ingredients do not exactly match, this is because a single ingredient may have different variations in its name. We've these different name variations into just one name, rest assured - the outcome on the cosmetic analysis remains entirely the same!
3) I can't find a product, how can I add it?
Great! A missing product means you'll be able to earn points for adding it - You can add the product on this page here, be sure to provide as much information as you possibly can, it'll help the next person as much as possible (and plus, we'll give you bonus points ;))
4) I added a product and I can't see it yet?
After submitting your product, we will manually review it within 6-12 hours to ensure we've got all the right information. We'll also send your account a notification once your product request has been either approved or rejected.
5) I analysed a product and some of the ingredients are not showing
This can sometimes happen, especially if the ingredient has many spelling variations of it. Or it could be the rare cause we don’t have the ingredient on our database. Simply let us know the ingredient and we’ll fix it for you.
6) I have some feedback/advice for Skincarisma to be better!
That's great to hear, we love passionate people within the community. You can let us know through the chat box on the bottom right or by emailing us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
7) I want to contribute and get involved further!
Our first suggestion is to always participate amongst the community and help others out. You can do this by adding helpful/indepth reviews, adding new products, answering product questions and adding suggestions for any errors you may spot. If you're interested in contributing even further beyond this, feel free to get in touch with us at email@example.com
8) I spotted a bug/a website function isn't working!
It happens :( You can report all bugs/technical errors through our suggestion/feedback form - just let us know in detail the issue. Please let us know the URL, what you were trying to do and the error that occurred.
9) How can I support you guys?
You can help us keep alive by shopping with the Amazon buttons on the side of the product pages. We receive a small commission for every purchase that's made through Amazon - all money goes back to maintaining and improving the site!
If you ever want to buy anything on Amazon, simply use this URL (bookmark it!) - it'll help us tremendously - thanks!